Reynolds, Paul

Physiology & Developmental Biology

Email: 7wh|sfyl€uvskzGi€|5lk|  (Email Form)

Website: http://reynoldslab.byu.edu

3054  LSB
Provo, UT 84602
(801) 422-1933

Associate Professor

Curriculum Vitae

 Research Interests
Members of the Cell and Developmental Biology Subgroup focus on the molecular and cellular interactions that contribute to embryonic development and the most common and debilitating disease conditions.

The Reynolds lab specifically focuses on the developmental role of autocrine/paracrine signaling in the lung during branching morphogenesis, pulmonary remodeling induced by interactions between mesenchymal/epithelial compartments, and mechanisms of pulmonary injury and disease related to environmental tobacco or oxidative stress.
 Education
  • Post-Doctoral Fellow, Internal Medicine: Division of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, 2007
  • PhD, Developmental and Molecular Biology: Pulmonary, University of Cincinnati: Cincinnati Children's Research Hospital, 2004
  • MS, Zoology:Teratology, Brigham Young University, 2001
  • BS, Zoology:Human Biology, Brigham Young University, 1999
 Memberships
  • American Association for Dental Research, 2015-Present
  • The American Society for Integrative Pathology, 2015-Present
  • The American Physiological Society, 2007-Present
  • Society for Developmental Biologists, 2005-Present
  • The American Thoracic Society, 2002-Present
 Honors and Awards
  • International Physiology Committee and the Council of the American Physiological Society : APS-TPS Joint Meeting Award
  • American Physiological Society : American Physiological Society Research Career Enhancement Award
  • Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology : Department Distinguished Faculty Award
  • American Physiological Society : American Physiology Minority Fellowship Award Mentor
  • American Society of Reproductive Immunology : CyPlex Systems American Society of Reproductive Immunology Grant
  • The American Physiological Society : The American Physiological Society Research Career Enhancement Award
  • International Union of Physiological Sciences Congress : International Travel Presentation Award
  • The American Physiological Society : Respiratory Section New Investigator Award
  • NIH: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute : National Institutes of Health LRP Award: NHLBI Extramural Clinical Researcher
  • The American Physiological Society : The American Physiological Society Research Career Enhancement Award
  • Parker B. Francis Foundation : Parker B. Francis Fellowship in Pulmonary Research
 Courses Taught

Fall 2016
  • NEURO 696R: Neuroscience Grad Seminar Section 001
  • PDBIO 325: Tissue Biology (with lab) Section 001, 002, 003, 004, 005
  • PDBIO 349R: PDBio Teaching Seminar Section 012
  • PDBIO 484: Human Embryology Section 001
  • PDBIO 494R: Undergraduate Research Section 012
  • PDBIO 495R: Adv Undgraduate Research Section 012, 023
  • PDBIO 550R: Advanced Topics Section 013
  • PDBIO 601: Cell & Molecular Physiology Section 001
  • PDBIO 649R: Laboratory Research Section 012
  • PDBIO 689R: Practicum LfSci Tchg or Resrch Section 003
  • PDBIO 696R: Graduate Seminar Section 001
  • PDBIO 799R: Dissertation Section 008
Summer 2016
  • PDBIO 494R: Undergraduate Research Section 013
  • PDBIO 495R: Adv Undgraduate Research Section 013
  • PDBIO 550R: Advanced Topics Section 005
Spring 2016
  • PDBIO 494R: Undergraduate Research Section 013
  • PDBIO 495R: Adv Undgraduate Research Section 013
  • PDBIO 550R: Advanced Topics Section 008
Winter 2016
  • NEURO 696R: Neuroscience Grad Seminar Section 001
  • PDBIO 325: Tissue Biology (with lab) Section 001, 002, 003, 004, 005
  • PDBIO 349R: PDBio Teaching Seminar Section 015
  • PDBIO 494R: Undergraduate Research Section 013
  • PDBIO 495R: Adv Undgraduate Research Section 013
  • PDBIO 550R: Advanced Topics Section 015
  • PDBIO 696R: Graduate Seminar Section 001
  • PDBIO 699R: Master's Thesis Section 012

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Lewis JB, Hirschi KM, Arroyo JA, Bikman BT, Kooyman DL, Reynolds PR. 2017. Plausible Roles for RAGE in Conditions Exacerbated by Direct and Indirect (Secondhand) Smoke Exposure. Int J Mol Sci. 18(3):E652.  doi:10.3390/ijms18030652

Jimenez JR, Lewis JB, Belgique ST, Milner DC, Lewis AL, Dunaway TM, Egbert KM, Winden DR, Arroyo JA, Reynolds PR. 2016. Cigarette smoke and decreased oxygen tension inhibit pulmonary Claudin-6 expression. Exp Lung Res. 16:1-13.  doi:10.1080/01902148.2016.1261309

Lewis JB, Milner DC, Lewis AL, Dunaway DM, Egbert KM, Albright SC, Albright BJ, Merrell BJ, Monson TD, Broberg DS, et al. 2016. Up-regulation of Claudin-6 in the distal lung impacts secondhand smoke-induced inflammation. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 13(1018).  doi:10.3390/ijerph13101018

Mejia C, Lewis J, Jordan C, Mejia J, Ogden C, Monson T, Winden D, Reynolds PR, Arroyo JA. 2016. Decreased activation of placental mTOR family members is associated with the induction of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) by secondhand smoke (SHS) in the mouse. Cell Tissue Research. 367(2):387-395.  doi:10.1007/s00441-016-2496-5

Long E, Motwani R, Reece D, Pettie N, Hepworth J, Wong P, Reynolds PR, Seegmiller RE. 2016. The role of TGF-b1 in osteoarthritis of the temporomandibular joint in two genetic mouse models. Archives of Oral Biology. 67:68-73.

Chavez EM, Mecham DK, Black CS, Graf JW, Steel SD, Wilhelm SK, Andersen KM, Mitchell JA, Macdonald JR, Hollis WR, et al. 2016. Malocclusion Model of Temporomandibular Joint Osteoarthritis in Mice With and Without Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products. Archives of Oral Biology. 69:47-62. <website>

Poornejad N, Momtahan N, Salehi AS, Scott D, Fronk C, Roeder BL, Reynolds PR, Bundy BC, Cook AD. 2016. Efficient decellularization of whole procine kidneys improves reseeded behavior. Biomedical Materials. 11(2):025003. <website> doi:10.1088/1748-6041/11/2/025003

Alexander KL, Mejia CA, Jordan C, Nelson MB, Howell BM, Jones CM, Reynolds PR, Arroyo JA. 2016. Differential Receptor for Advanced Glycation End-Products (RAGE) Expression in Preeclamptic, Intrauterine Growth Restricted, and Gestational Diabetic Placentas Running Title: Different RAGE expression in pathological pregnancies. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology. 72(2):172-180.  doi:10.1111/aji.12462

Baeder AC, Napa K, Richardson ST, Taylor OJ, Andersen SG, Wilcox SH, Winden DR, Reynolds PR, Bikman BT. 2016. Oral Gingival Cell Cigarette Smoke Exposure Induces Muscle Cell Metabolic Disruption. 2016:2763160.  doi:10.1155/2016/2763160

Poornejad N, Schaumann LB, Buckmiller EM, Momtahan N, Gassman JR, Ma HH, Roeder BL, Reynolds PR, Cook AD. 2016. The impact of decellularization agents on renal tissue extracellular matrix. J. Biomater. Appl. 31(4):521-533.

Kimball R, Wayment M, Merrill D, Wahlquist T, Reynolds PR, Arroyo JA. 2015. Hypoxia reduces placental mTOR activation in a hypoxia-induced model of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Physiological Reports. 3(12).  doi:10.14814/phy2.12651

Poornejad N, Nielsen JJ, Morris RJ, Gassman JR, Reynolds PR, Roeder BL, Cook AD. 2015. Comparison of four decontamination treatments on porcine renal decellularized extracellular matrix structure, composition, and support of human renal cortical tubular epithelium cells. J Biomater Appl.  doi:0885328215615760

Siebert M, Wilhelm SK, Kartchner JZ, Mecham D, Reynolds PR, Kooyman DL. 2015. Effect of Pharmacological Blocking of TLR-4 on Osteoarthritis in Mice. Journal of Arthritis. 4(3).  doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2167-7921.1000164

Olsen DS, Goar WA, Nichols BA, Bailey KT, Christensen SL, Merriam KR, Reynolds PR, Wilson E, Weber KS, Bridgewater LC. 2015. Targeted mutation of nuclear bone morphogenetic protein 2 (nBMP2) impairs secondary immune response in a mouse model. BioMed Research International. <website>

Jimenez FR, Belgique ST, Lewis JB, Albright SA, Jones CM, Howell BM, Mika AP, Jergensen TR, Gassman JR, Morris RJ, et al. 2015. Conditional pulmonary over-expression of Claudin-6 (Cldn6) during embryogenesis delays lung morphogenesis. International Journal of Developmental Biology.  doi:10.1387/ijdb.150086pr

Momtahan N, Poornejad N, Struk JA, Castleton AA, Herrod BJ, Vance BR, Eatough J, Roeder BL, Reynolds PR, Cook AD. 2015. Automation of pressure control improves whole porcine heart decellularization. Tissue Engineering.

Nelson MB, Swensen AC, Winden DR, Bodine JS, Bikman BT, Reynolds PR. 2015. Cardiomyocyte mitochondrial respiration is reduced by receptor for advanced glycation end-product signaling in a ceramide-dependent manner. American Journal of Physiology - Heart Circ Physiol. 309:H63-H69.

Poornejad N, Frost TS, Scott DR, Elton BB, Reynolds PR, Roeder BL, Cook AD. 2015. Freezing/thawing without cryoprotectant damages native but not decellularized porcine renal tissue. Organogenesis. :30-45.  doi:1

Tippetts TS, Winden DR, Swensen AC, Nelson MB, Thatcher MO, Saito RR, Condie TB, Simmons KJ, Judd AM, Reynolds PR, et al. 2014. Cigarette smoke increases cardiomyocyte ceramide accumulation and inhibits mitochondrial respiration. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. 14(1):165.

Thatcher MO, Tippetts TS, Nelson MB, Swensen AC, Winden DR, Hansen ME, Anderson MC, Johnson IE, Porter JP, Reynolds PR, et al. 2014. Ceramides mediate cigarette smoke-induced metabolic disruption in mice. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. 307:E919-E927.

Winden DR, Barton DB, Betteridge BC, Bodine JS, Jones CM, Rogers GD, Chavarria M, Wright AJ, Jergensen Zr, Jimenez FR, et al. 2014. Antenatal exposure of maternal secondhand smoke (SHS) increases fetal lung expression of RAGE and induces RAGE-mediated pulmonary inflammation. Respir Res. 15(1):129.

Bodine Bg, Bennion BG, Leatham e, Jimenez FR, Wright AJ, Jergensen ZR, Erickson CJ, Jones CM, Johnson JP, Knapp SM, et al. 2014. Conditionally induced RAGE expression by proximal airway epithelial cells in transgenic mice causes lung inflammation. Respir Res. 15(1):133.

Wood TT, Winden DR, Marlor DR, Wright AJ, Jones CM, Chavarria M, Rogers GD, Reynolds PR. 2014. Acute secondhand smoke-induced pulmonary inflammation is diminished in RAGE knock out mice. AJP: Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 307(10):E919-27.

Jimenez FR, Lewis BL, Belgique ST, Wood TT, Reynolds PR. 2014. Developmental lung expression and transcriptional regulation of Claudin-6 by TTF-1, Gata-6, and FoxA2. Respiratory Research. 15(1):70.

Barton DB, Betteridge BC, Earley TD, Curtis CS, Robinson AB, Reynolds PR. 2014. Primary alveolar macrophages exposed to diesel particulate matter increase RAGE expression and activate RAGE signaling. Cell Tissue Research. EPub ahead of print.

Winden DR, Ferguson NT, Bodine BG, Bukey BR, Geyer AJ, Wright AJ, Jergensen ZR, Robinson AB, Stogsdill JA, Reynolds PR. 2013. Conditional over-expression of RAGE by embryonic alveolar epithelium compromises the respiratory membrane and impairs endothelial cell differentiation. Respiratory Research. 14(1):108.

Stogsdill MP, Stogsdill JA, Bodine BG, Fredrickson AC, Sefcik TL, Wood TA, Kasteler SS, Reynolds PR. 2013. Conditional RAGE over expression in the adult murine lung causes airspace enlargement and induces inflammation. Am J Resp Cell Mol Biol. 49(1):128-134.

Ricks ML, Farrell JT, Falk DJ, Holt DW, Rees M, Carr J, Williams T, Nichols BA, Bridgewater LC, Reynolds PR, et al. 2013. Osteoarthritis in Temporomandibular Joint of Col2a1 Mutant Mice. Archives of Oral Biology. 58(9):1092-9.

Winden DR, Ferguson NT, Bukey BR, Geyer AJ, Wright AJ, Jergensen ZR, Robinson AB, Stogsdill JA, Reynolds PR. 2013. Conditional over-expression of RAGE by embryonic alveolar epithelium compromises the respiratory membrane and impairs endothelial cell differentiation. Respiratory Research. 14(1):108-115.

Robinson AB, Stogsdill JA, Lewis JP, Wood TA, Reynolds PR. 2012. RAGE and tobacco smoke: Insights into modeling Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology. 3(301):1-11.

Robinson AB, Dickson KD, Bennion BG, Reynolds PR. 2012. RAGE signaling by alveolar macrophages influences tobacco smoke-induced inflammation. American Journal of Physiology: Lung Cell Molecular Physiology. 303:L1192-1199.

Stogsdill JA, Stogsdill MP, Porter JL, Hancock JM, Robinson AB, Reynolds PR. 2012. Embryonic over-expression of RAGE by alveolar epithelium induces an imbalance between proliferation and apoptosis. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. 47(1):60-66.

Reynolds PR, Stogsdill JA, Stogsdill MM, Heimann NB. 2011. Conditional Up-regulation of Receptors for Advanced glycation End-Products (RAGE) in Murine Alveolar Epithelium Causes Severe Lung Hypoplasia and Perninatal Lethality. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. 45(6):1195-202.

Bukey BR, Geyer AJ, Porter JL, Reynolds PR. 2011. Immunohistochemical detection and regulation of alpha 5 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits by FoxA2 during mouse lung organogenesis. Respiratory Research. 12(1):11 pages.

Reynolds PR, Allison CH, Willnauer CP. 2010. TTF-1 Regulates Alpha 5 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor (nAChR) Subunits in Proximal and Distal Lung Epithelium. Resp Research. 11(175).

Reynolds PR, Wasley KM, Allison CH. 2010. Diesel Particulate Matter Induces RAGE Expression in Pulmonary Epithelium and RAGE Signaling Influences NF-κB-Mediated Inflammation. Env Health Pers. 119(3):332-336.

Reynolds PR, Kasteler SD, Schmitt RE, Hoidal JR. 2010. RAGE Signals Through Ras During Tobacco Smoke-Induced Pulmonary Inflammation. Am J Resp Cell Mol Biol.

Rao NV, Argyle B, Xu Z, Reynolds PR, Walenga JM, Prechel M, Prestwich GD, Hoidal JR, Kennedy TP. 2010. Low Anticoagulant Heparin Targets Multiple Sites in Inflammation, Suppresses Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia and Inhibits Interaction of RAGE with its Disparate Ligands. AJP: Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 1(299):97-110.

Reynolds PR, Schmitt RE, Kasteler SD, Sturrock A, Sanders K, Bierhaus A, Nawroth PP, Robert Paine JH. 2009. RAGE Targeting Protects Against Hyperoxia-Induced Lung Injury in Mice. Am J Resp Cell Mol Biol. 5(42):545-551.

Reynolds PR, Kasteler SD, Cosio MG, Sturrock A, Huecksteadt T, Hoidal JR. 2008. RAGE: Developmental Expression and Positive Feedback Regulation by Egr-1 During Cigarette Smoke Exposure in Pulmonary Epithelial Cells. American Journal of Physiology: Lung Cell and Molecular Biology. 6:1094-101.

Reynolds PR, Hoidal JR. 2006. Cigarette Smoke-Induced Egr-1 Upregulates Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines in Pulmonary Epithelial Cells. Am J Resp Cell Mol Biol. 35:314-9.

Mukherjee TP, Reynolds PR, Hoidal JR. 2005. Differential Effect of Estrogen Receptor Alpha and Beta Agonists on the Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Product Expression in Human Microvascular Endothelial Cells. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1745:300-9.

Reynolds PR, Hoidal JR. 2005. Temporal-Spatial Expression and Transcriptional Regulation of ?7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor (nAChR) by TTF-1 and Egr-1 During Murine Lung Development. J Biol Chem. 280:32548-54.

Reynolds PR, Mucenski ML, LeCras TD, Nichols WC, Whitsett. JA. 2004. Midkine (MK) induces myocardin during hypoxia and causes pulmonary vascular remodeling. J Biol Chem. 279:37124-32.

Reynolds PR, Schaalje GB, Seegmiller RE. 2003. Combination Therapy with Folic Acid and Methionine in the Prevention of Retinoic Acid-Induced Cleft Palate in Mice. Birth Defects Research. 67:168-173.

Reynolds PR, Mucenski ML, Whitsett JA. 2003. Thyroid Transcription Factor (TTF)-1 Regulates the expression of Midkine (MK) During Lung Morphogenesis. Dev Dyn. 227:227-237.

Hansen JM, Reynolds PR, Booth GM, Schaalje GB, Seegmiller RE. 2000. Developmental toxicity of carbon black oil in mice. 62(4):227-32.  doi:10.1002/1096-9926(200010)62:4<227::AID-TERA8>3.0.CO;2-E

Presentations

Laub S, Taylor O, Reynolds PR, Bikman BT. Gingival smoke exposure disrupts skeletal muscle metabolic function. Experimental Biology. San Diego. 2016 .

Taylor O, Porter M, Reynolds P, Bikman BT. HMGB1 mediates sidestream cigarette smoke-induced metabolic disruption. Experimental Biology. San Diego. 2016 .

Lewis JB, Jimenez FR, Chavarria M, Gassman JR, Jergensen TR, Albright A, Morris R, Baker P, Christiansen C, Schrader T, et al. Expression profile of Claudin family members in the developing lung. Society for Developmental Biology. Snowbird, UT. 2015 .

Arroyo JA, Mejia JF, Sitton ZE, Mejia CA, Albright A, Reynolds PR. Induction of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) by secondhand smoke (SHS): a role for the Receptor for Advanced Glycation End-products (RAGE) in the development of disease. Society for the Study of Reproduction Annual Meeting. San Juan, Puerto Rico. 2015 .

Pettit N, Motwani R, Long E, Reynolds PR, Seegmiller RE. Involvement of TGFB1 in the initial phase of TMJ osteoarthritis. International Association of Dental Research General Session. Boston, MA. 2015 .

Black CS, Crepeau PK, Sheffield ID, Macdonald JR, Wootton DJ, Baek M, Eggett DL, Reynolds PR, Kooyman DL. Identification of the Tidemark Line of Calcification in Osteoarthritic Cartilage Using a Stain for Alkaline Phosphatase. Osteoarthritis Society International Meeting. Boston, MA. 2015 .

Long E, Pettit N, Motwani R, Reynolds PR, Seegmiller RE. Involvement of TGF-b1 in the initial phase of TMJ and knee osteoarthritis. World Congress on Osteoarthritis. Seattle, WA. 2015 .

Alexander K, Lewis J, Mejia M, Howell B, Reynolds PR, Arroyo JA. Differential Placental Expression of the Receptor for Advanced Glycation End-Products (RAGE) in Normal and Complicated Pregnancies. Experimental Biology Conference. Boston, MA. 2015 .

Mika A, Reynolds PR, Arroyo JA. Elevated Apoptosis in Ovine Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) is Associated with Increased Caspase 3 and 9 and Decreased Telomerase Activity. Experimental Biology Conference. Boston, MA. 2015 .

Lewis J, Jimenez F, Chavarria M, Gassman J, Jergensen T, Schrader T, Millner D, Bodine J, Arroyo JA, Reynolds PR. Expression Profile of Claudin Family Members in the Developing Lung. Experimental Biology Conference. Boston, MA. 2015 .

Mejia C, Johnston A, Lutz R, Arroyo JA, Reynolds PR. Inhibition of trophoblast invasion by the growth arrest-specific 6 (Gas6) protein. Experimental Biology Conference. Boston, MA. 2015 .

Mejia C, Bahr B, Reynolds PR, Arroyo JA. Nuclear and cytosolic expression of placental PKM2 in preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction. Experimental Biology Conference. Boston, MA. 2015 .

Tippetts T, Winden DR, Wagner M, Condie T, Reynolds PR, Bikman BT. Ceramide is necessary for cigarette smoke-induced reduced heart mitochondrial function. American Diabetes Association. San Francisco, CA. 2014 .

Thatcher M, Tippetts T, Johnson I, Holub Z, Nelson MB, Winden DR, Reynolds PR, Bikman BT. Pulmonary expression and regulation of Cldn6 by tobacco smoke. American Diabetes Association. San Francisco, CA. 2014 .

Nelson MB, Tippetts T, Winden DR, Reynolds PR, Bikman BT. RAGE activation reduces cardiomyocyte mitochondrial function in a ceramide-dependent manner. American Diabetes Association. San Francisco, CA. 2014 .

Wilhelm SK, Mecham D, Chavez EM, Kartchner JZ, Crepeau P, Andersen K, Vandruff J, Robinson M, Christensen I, Taylor K, et al. Blocking the receptor for advanced glycation end-products but not Toll-like receptor 4 attenuates the progression of OA. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. San Diego, CA. 2014 .

Chavez EM, Mecham D, Wilhelm SK, Black CS, Mitchell J, Andersen K, Graf J, Macdonald J, Reynolds PR, Kooyman DL. Knocking out RAGE disrupts natural repair of condylar cartilage during osteoarthritis. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. San Diego, CA. 2014 .

Jimenez FR, Lewis JB, Belgique ST, Wood TT, Marlor DR, Reynolds PR. Pulmonary expression and regulation of Cldn6 by tobacco smoke. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. San Diego, CA. 2014 .

Wood TT, Winden DR, Barton DB, Betteridge BC, Marlor DR, Wright AJ, Jones CM, Chavarria M, Rogers GD, Reynolds PR. Targeted mice reveal a role for RAGE in an early inflammatory response to tobacco smoke. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. San Diego, CA. 2014 .

Felix JR, Joshua LB, Tyler WT, Reynolds PR. Developmental expression and transcriptional regulation of claudin-6 in the murine lung. Experimental Biology Meeting. Boston, MA. 2013 .

G BB, Garrett BB, Emma L, Alex WJ, Zac JR, COnnor EJ, Cameron JM, Jeffrey JP, Steve KM, Reynolds PR. Over-expression of RAGE by proximal lung epithelial cells causes an inflammatory response in adult mice. Experimental Biology Meeting. Boston, MA. 2013 .

David BB, Bryce BC, Tyler ED, Adam RB, Reynolds PR. RAGE signaling influences diesel particulate matter-induced inflammation in primary alveolar macrophages. Experimental Biology Meeting. Boston, MA. 2013 .

Jacobs MB, Hardman SE, Moore TM, Lew J, Reynolds PR, Thomson DM. RAGE and STAT3 signaling in chronic AICAR-treated young adult and old skeletal muscle. Integrative Biology of Exercise. Denver, CO. 2012 .

Curtis CT, Earley TD, Reynolds PR. Diesel particulate matter (DPM) induces receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) expression by pulmonary macrophages. Experimental Biology Meeting. San Diego, CA. 2012 .

Robinson AB, Reynolds PR. RAGE signaling influences tobacco smoke-induced inflammation by pulmonary macrophages. Experimental Biology Meeting. San Diego, CA. 2012 .

Stogsdill JA, Reynolds PR. Embryonic over-expression of RAGE in mouse lung causes an imbalance between apoptosis and proliferation leading to severe lung hypoplasia. Gordon Research Conference: Lung development, injury, and repair. Newport, RI. 2011 .

Reynolds PR. Abnormal RAGE expression influences lung development trajectory and disease progression. Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar. Dublin, Ireland. 2011 .

Fredrickson AC, Sefcik T, Reynolds PR. A new RAGE blocker, low anti-coagulant 2-O,3-O desulfated heparin (ODSH), diminishes smoke-induced pulmonary inflammation. Experimental Biology Meeting. Washington, DC. 2011 .

Stogsdill JA, Stogsdill MP, Reynolds PR. Embryonic over-expression of RAGE in mouse lung causes an imbalance between apoptosis and proliferation leading to severe lung hypoplasia. Experimental Biology Meeting. Washington, DC. 2011 .

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