Skip to main content
Frost Steele.jpg

Frost Steele

Associate Professor
Nutrition, Dietetics & Food Science

S131 ESC
Provo, UT 84602

Biography

Experience

Academic - Post-Secondary

  • Associate Professor, Brigham Young University, 2010-Present

Courses Taught

Winter 2019

  • IAS 369R: International Internship Prep Section 029
  • NDFS 191: Careers in Food Science Section 001
  • NDFS 250: Essentials of Food Science Section 002
  • NDFS 399R: Acad Internship in Food Sci Section 001
  • NDFS 699R: Master's Thesis Section 005

Fall 2018

  • NDFS 191: Careers in Food Science Section 001
  • NDFS 361: Food Microbiology Section 001, 002
  • NDFS 399R: Acad Internship in Food Sci Section 001
  • NDFS 699R: Master's Thesis Section 005

Spring 2018

  • NDFS 399R: Academic Internship Section 001, 007
  • NDFS 652: Carbohydrates Section 001

Winter 2018

  • IAS 369R: International Internship Prep Section 002
  • NDFS 191: Careers in Food Science Section 001
  • NDFS 250: Essentials of Food Science Section 002
  • NDFS 399R: Acad Internship in Food Sci Section 001
  • NDFS 494R: Undergrad Research in N D F S Section 003
  • NDFS 697R: Research Section 005

Professional Citizenship

  • Committee/Council Member, Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority, 2017-05-01 - 2017-05-31 - Present
  • Committee/Council Member, Institute of Food Technologists, 2009-01-01 - 2009-12-31 - Present
  • Editorial Review Board Member, International Sugar Journal Section Referee--Microbiology, 2009-01-01 - 2009-12-31 - Present
  • Grant Proposal Reviewer, External, USDA/NIFA, 2017-11-01 - 2017-11-30 - 2019-12-01 - 2019-12-31
  • Committee/Council Chair, American Dairy Science Association, 2015-01-01 - 2015-01-31 - 2018-01-01 - 2018-01-31
  • Committee/Council Member, FAO/UN, 2014-01-01 - 2014-01-31 - 2017-12-01 - 2017-12-31
  • Conference-Related Role, American Dairy Science Association, 2014-07-01 - 2014-07-31 - 2015-07-01 - 2015-07-31
  • Officer, American Assoc. of Candy Technologists (AACT), Bonneville Section, 2009-01-01 - 2009-12-31 - 2014-01-01 - 2014-12-31
  • Editorial Review Board Member, Yemeni Journal of Science International Advisory Board, 2009-01-01 - 2009-12-31 - 2009-01-01 - 2009-12-31
  • Officer, American Assoc. of Candy Technologists (AACT), Bonneville Section, 2008-01-01 - 2008-12-31 - 2008-01-01 - 2008-12-31
  • Other, Institute of Food Technologists, 2008-01-01 - 2008-12-31 - 2008-01-01 - 2008-12-31
  • Editorial Review Board Member, International Sugar Journal Section Referee--Microbiology, 2008-01-01 - 2008-12-31 - 2008-01-01 - 2008-12-31
  • Editorial Review Board Member, Yemeni Journal of Science International Advisory Board, 2008-01-01 - 2008-12-31 - 2008-01-01 - 2008-12-31
  • Officer, American Assoc. of Candy Technologists (AACT), Bonneville Section, 2007-01-01 - 2007-12-31 - 2007-01-01 - 2007-12-31
  • Other, Institute of Food Technologists, 2007-01-01 - 2007-12-31 - 2007-01-01 - 2007-12-31
  • Editorial Review Board Member, International Sugar Journal Section Referee--Microbiology, 2007-01-01 - 2007-12-31 - 2007-01-01 - 2007-12-31
  • Editorial Review Board Member, Yemeni Journal of Science International Advisory Board, 2007-01-01 - 2007-12-31 - 2007-01-01 - 2007-12-31
  • Committee/Council Member, International Commission for Uniform Methods of Sugar Analysis-Associate Referee (Microbiology), 2006-01-01 - 2006-12-31 - 2006-01-01 - 2006-12-31
  • Editorial Review Board Member, International Sugar Journal Section Referee--Microbiology, 2006-01-01 - 2006-12-31 - 2006-01-01 - 2006-12-31
  • Committee/Council Member, United States National Committee on Sugar Analysis--Referee (Microbiology), 2006-01-01 - 2006-12-31 - 2006-01-01 - 2006-12-31
  • Editorial Review Board Member, Yemeni Journal of Science International Advisory Board, 2006-01-01 - 2006-12-31 - 2006-01-01 - 2006-12-31
  • Officer, Food Science Internship Coordinator, 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31 - 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31
  • Officer, Food Science Program Undergraduate Academic Advisor, 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31 - 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31
  • Officer, Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) International Award Jurist, 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31 - 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31
  • Officer, International Commission for Uniform Methods of Sugar Analysis-Associate Referee (Microbiology), 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31 - 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31
  • Officer, International Sugar Journal Microbiology Referee, 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31 - 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31
  • Officer, United States National Committee on Sugar Analysis-Referr (Microbiology), 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31 - 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31
  • Other, Yemeni Journal of Science, 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31 - 2004-01-01 - 2004-12-31
  • Other, Counselor, Institute of Food Technologists Bonneville Section, 2000-01-01 - 2000-12-31 - 2003-01-01 - 2003-12-31
  • Other, International Commission for Uniform Methods of Sugar Analysis-Associate Referee (Microbiology), 1993-01-01 - 1993-12-31 - 2003-01-01 - 2003-12-31
  • Other, United States National Committee on Sugar Analysis-Referee (Microbiology), 1993-01-01 - 1993-12-31 - 2003-01-01 - 2003-12-31

Courses Taught

2020

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 009
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • GEOG 272 : Section 002
  • IAS 369R: Section 010
  • NDFS 390R: Section 002
  • NDFS 494R: Section 003

2019

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • IAS 201R: Section 010
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 015
  • NDFS 399R: Section 016
  • NDFS 399R: Section 017
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 002
  • IAS 369R: Section 029
  • NDFS 699R: Section 005

2018

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 699R: Section 005
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 007
  • NDFS 652 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 002
  • IAS 369R: Section 002
  • NDFS 697R: Section 005
  • NDFS 494R: Section 003

2017

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 399R: Section 1
  • NDFS 399R: Section 002
  • NDFS 399R: Section 1
  • NDFS 494R: Section 9
  • NDFS 399R: Section 1
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • IAS 369R: Section 005
  • NDFS 494R: Section 003

2016

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 494R: Section 4
  • NDFS 399R: Section 1
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 002
  • NDFS 652 : Section 001
  • NDFS 494R: Section 009
  • NDFS 494R: Section 010
  • NDFS 494R: Section 11
  • NDFS 399R: Section 1
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • IAS 369R: Section 003
  • NDFS 494R: Section 003

2015

  • NDFS 399R: Section 002
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 494R: Section 007
  • NDFS 399R: Section 002
  • NDFS 399R: Section 003
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 002
  • NDFS 494R: Section 011
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • IAS 369R: Section 005
  • NDFS 494R: Section 005

2014

  • NDFS 399R: Section 002
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 652 : Section 001
  • NDFS 494R: Section 005

2013

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 002
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 002
  • NDFS 494R: Section 010
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 390R: Section 001

2012

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 652 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 002
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 390R: Section 001

2011

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 494R: Section 005
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 251 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 002
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001

2010

  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001

2009

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 251 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 494R: Section 008

2008

  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 251 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001

2007

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 251 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 251 : Section 001
  • NDFS 251 : Section 002
  • NDFS 251 : Section 003
  • NDFS 251 : Section 004
  • NDFS 251 : Section 005
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001

2006

  • NDFS 251 : Section 001
  • NDFS 251 : Section 002
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 003
  • NDFS 399R: Section 003
  • NDFS 399R: Section 1
  • NDFS 251 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 1
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001

2005

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 361 : Section 003
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 251 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 250 : Section 001
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001

2004

  • NDFS 399R: Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 001
  • NDFS 361 : Section 002
  • NDFS 191 : Section 001

Publications

  • Adolphson SJ, Dunn ML, Nielsen-Barrows S, Eggett DL, Steele FM. September, 2016. Evaluation of Bacterial Effects on Folic Acid Loss in Fortified, Nixtamalized Corn Masa. 5th ed.
  • Adolphson SJ, Dunn ML, Jefferies LK, Steele FM. August, 2013. Isolation and characterization of the microflora of nixtamalized corn masa. 3rd ed.
  • Taylor RH, Dunn ML, Ogden LV, Jefferies LK, Eggett DL, Steele FM. May, 2013. Conditions associated with Clostridium sporogenes growth as a surrogate for Clostridium botulinum in non-thermally processed canned butter. 5th ed.
  • Jefferies LK, Steele FM, Hansen CL. June, 2012. Translocation and Cross-Contamination of Escherichia coli O157 in Beef Eye-of-Round Subprimals Processed with High-Pressure Needleless Injection. 6th ed.
  • Chapman JS, Steele FM, Eggett DL, Johnston NP, Dunn ML. September, 2010. Stability of Native Folate and Added Folic Acid in Micronutrient-Fortified Corn Masa and Tortillas. 5th ed. St. Paul, MN: AACC International.

Presentations

  • Taylor BJ, Quinn AR, Liao RF, Gowans K, Smith T, Steele FM. Heat Resistance of Foodborne Pathogens and Surrogates of Interest in Raw Wheat Flour. Annual Meeting. October, 2020.
  • Gowans K, Larsen R, Clark G, Lin T, Arbon J, Steele FM, Taylor BJ. Sporeformer presence in a milk fractionation process. IAFP Annual Meeting. July, 2019.
  • Taylor BJ, Quinn AR, Steele FM, Mashlai K. Food Safety and Preservation Best Practices: an overview of processing technologies. Food Safety and Preservation Train-the-Trainer. April, 2019.
  • Porter S, Catmull L, Arbon J, Steele FM. Effects of Cooling Time on the Growth of Clostridium perfringens in Roast Beef Treated with a Concentrated Buffered Vinegar Solution. International Association for Food Protection. July, 2018.
  • Hartmann K, Taylor BJ, Griffitts JS, Steele FM. Cronobacter sakazakii genes contributing to persistence in low-moisture dairy matrices. 2018 Intermountain, Rio Grande, and Rocky Mountain TriBranch American Society for Microbiology Meeting. April, 2018.
  • Hunsaker SK, Nollet AF, Steele FM. A school called good: The effects of school farming education on Malawian farmers’ self-reliance. Kennedy Center Inquiry Conference. November, 2017.
  • Allen B, Steele FM. Alcohol and development in Malawi. Kennedy Center Inquiry Conference. November, 2017.
  • Neuffer T, Steele FM. The use of traditional medicine to induce labor in Malawi. Kennedy Center Inquiry Conference. November, 2017.
  • Myers W, Hendricks E, Lee K, Jenkins A, Steele FM. Determination of Escherichia coli and coliform growth on apples after inoculation with unfiltered agricultural water and the application of the results. Bonneville section IFT Food Expo. April, 2017.
  • Doxey DG, Steele FM. Observation of changes in pH, water activity, and visual textural changes during incubation of enzyme-modified cheese (EMC). Bonneville section IFT Food Expo. April, 2017.
  • Crossen E, Steele FM, Jefferies LK, Pike OA, Eggett DL. A Comparison of Solar and Electric Forced-Air Dehydrators. Bonneville section IFT Food Expo. April, 2016.
  • Doxey D, Averett K, Miller S, Keith T, Steele FM. Correlating initial mold count with shelf life in dry ground parmesan cheese. Bonneville section IFT Food Expo. April, 2016.
  • Smith AM, Steele FM. Inhibition of germination and outgrowth of Clostridium perfringens during cooling of ready-to-eat roast turkey using commercially-prepared mixture of lemon juice and vinegar. Bonneville section IFT Food Expo. April, 2016.
  • Bardsley C, Peterson R, Fudge J, Steele FM. Survival of Five Serotypes of Salmonella enterica in Dried Carrots, Dried Onions, White Flour, and Black Pepper Held at 25, 35, and 42°C. Bonneville section IFT Food Expo. April, 2016.
  • Louks JN, Steele FM, Eggett DL, Dunn ML, Jefferies LK. The Effect of Monetary Reward and Food Type on Motivation of Untrained Sensory Panelists in Triangle Tests. Bonneville section IFT Food Expo. April, 2016.
  • Steele FM, Fudge J. Use of Pantoea dispersa strain JFS to determine log reduction of Salmonella achieved by both continuous and batch commercial thermal processes in wheat flour. Food Safety and Traditional Foods. April, 2016.
  • Farnbach K, Hill M, Fudge J, Steele FM. Growth of E coli in Cooked Ground Beef as Affected by Temperature. International Association for Food Protection. July, 2015.
  • Bardsley CA, Peterson R, Fudge J, Steele FM. Survival of Five Serotypes of Salmonella enterica in Dried Carrots, Dried Minced Onions, White Flour, and Black Pepper Held at 25, 35, and 42°C. International Association for Food Protection. July, 2015.
  • Steele FM, Fudge J. Isolation and characterization of Pantoea dispersa, a nonpathogenic surrogate for Salmonella Typhimurium Phage Type 42, for use in thermal processing studies of low moisture foods. Sultanate of Oman Food Safety Conference. April, 2015.
  • Steele FM. Solar Drying opportunities in Kenya. August, 2012.
  • Steele FM, Adolphson SA, Dunn ML, Lloyd MA. Microflora of nixtamalized corn masa. Bonneville IFT. April, 2012.
  • Steele FM. Food Safety and Food Microbiology in a production environment. August, 2011.
  • Steele FM, Taylor R, Slaugh S. Conditions associated with Clostridium botulinum growth in nonthermally processed canned butter. Institute of Food Technologists Annual Meeting. Canned goods are an important commodity, specifically as a means of long-term shelf-stable food products Lipid products compose a small fraction of shelf-stable canned goods appropriate for food storage; however, interest in such products has increased in recent years Investigations into formulation and production of a shelf-stable canned butter product could provide an added option of a shelf-stable lipid for long-term storage Canned goods are hermetically sealed and generally exhibit anaerobic growth conditions, which is optimal for C botulinum growth and toxin production Therefore, without thermal processing, low-acid canned goods must have conditions present to prevent C botulinum growth, including water activity, pH and salt content Measured values of an intact butter product were: pH=479, a w =088, and %NaCl=171; however, the aqueous phase of the broken emulsion had values of: pH=595, a w =094, and %NaCl=952, all of which individually are in the range allowing for C botulinum growth It was hypothesized that while measured values of the intact butter emulsion would prevent C botulinum growth; the same parameters measured for the aqueous phase of the broken butter emulsion could potentially allow for outgrowth and toxin production Also hypothesized, was the fact that the salt content of the butter product could be adjusted to ensure the %NaCl is beyond the range allowable for C botulinum growth Clostridium sporogenes spores, a surrogate for C botulinum , demonstrated the ability to produce viable colonies after the inoculated cream was churned to butter, with 5% of the inoculum remaining in the butter Further analysis of the butter under canned conditions as well as optimization of the salt content to eliminate potential for spore outgrowth was performed Formulation and processing parameters, once optimized, will provide valuable information for production of a shelf-stable butter product for long-term food storage. June, 2010.
  • Jefferies LK, Steele FM. Translocation and Cross-Contamination of E coli O157:H7 in beef eye of round subprimals treated with high pressure injection. Institute of Food Technologists Annual Meeting. June, 2010.
  • Anderson AN, Willburn ML, Steele FM. - Hydrostatic high pressure processing increases shelf life of raw king crabs. Institute of Food Technologists. 2009.
  • Carter MA, Nordquist AS, Jefferies LK, Steele FM. - The effect of mechanical tenderization on the internal cooked color of beef steak. Institute of Food Technologists. 2009.
  • ZA, Steele FM. Control of Listeria monocytogenes on beef frankfurters by combined potassium lactate and sodium diacetate and frozen storage. Institute of Food Technologists. 2008.
  • Rowe JP, Ogden LV, Pike OA, Steele FM, Dunn ML. Effect of end-user preparation methods on vitamin content of fortified humanitarian food-aid commodities. IFT National Meeting. July, 2007.
  • Burton KE, Brodegard WC, Dunn ML, Eggett DL, Ogden LV, Pike OA, Steele FM. Effect of micronutrient fortification on nutritional, sensory, and other properties of commercial corn tortillas prepared from nixtamal. IFT Annual Meeting. wwwiftorg. 2006.
  • Rowe JP, Dunn ML, Ogden LV, Pike OA, Steele FM, Brodegard WC. The typical preparation and role of fortified food aid in the diet of African beneficiaries: A field study. IFT National Meetings. wwwiftorg. 2006.
  • Burton K, Brodegard W, Dunn ML, Eggett DL, Ogden LV, Pike OA, Steele FM. Effect of micronutrient fortification on nutritional, sensory, and other properties of commercial corn tortillas prepared from nixtamal. Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists. wwwabstractsonlinecom/viewer/viewAbstractasp?CKey={DD700384-C1ED-4195-995A-C1A31AC25E41}&MKey={B06A353B-10DD-47FA-9DA1-EB6A35FFB230}&AKey={8616C01D-DC03-41AD-9244-6706B0A8C9BD}&SKey={A7FC1A0. June, 2006.
  • Rowe J, Dunn ML, Ogden LV, Pike OA, Steele FM, Brodegard W. The typical preparation and role of fortified food aid in the diet of African beneficiaries: A field study - Poster # 020G-01. Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists. wwwabstractsonlinecom/viewer/viewAbstractasp?CKey={135CC848-CA55-4997-82C3-30377034B575}&MKey={B06A353B-10DD-47FA-9DA1-EB6A35FFB230}&AKey={8616C01D-DC03-41AD-9244-6706B0A8C9BD}&SKey={A7FC1A0. June, 2006.
  • Burton KE, Brodegard WC, Dunn ML, Eggett DL, Ogden LV, Pike OA, Steele FM. Effect of micronutrient fortification on nutritional, sensory, and other properties of commercial corn tortillas prepared from nixtamal. Institute of Food Technologists Annual Meeting. May, 2006.
  • Rowe J, Dunn ML, Ogden LV, Pike OA, Steele FM, Brodegard W. The typical preparation and role of fortified food aid in the diet of African beneficiaries: a field study. Institute of Food Technologists Annual Meeting. May, 2006.
  • MacKenzie RA, Neilson AP, Steele FM. Microbial inactivation in ceviche as a function of citrus juice treatment. IFT Annual Meeting. 2005.
  • Steele FM. Long-term preservation of tropical foods by solar-drying in the Pacific Islands area. NDFS Departmental Seminar. 2004.
  • Steele FM. Solar drying of native foods in a humid climate. Asia Area LDS Welfare Services Hong Kong. 2004.
  • Rowe JP, ARS, Steele FM. Long-term preservation of breadfruit, cassava, and taro by solar-drying in the Pacific Islands area. IFT Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV. 2004.
  • Steele FM. Opportunities in solar dying of native foods of the Pacific Islands. Institute of Nutrition Mahidol University. 2004.
  • Yang M, Sambu O, Steele FM. Ozone antimicrobial activity on chicken breasts inoculated with Eschericia coli: an in vitro model. IFT Annual Meeting. 2003.
  • Cox A, Hope BJ, Robinson TF, Hawkins E, Steele FM. Proximate analysis of meat from intact and castrate alpacas (Lama pacos) of varying age and feed regimen. IFT Annual Meeting. 2003.
  • Steele FM. Long-term preservation of foods indigenous to the Pacific Islands area. 2003.
  • Winter TW, Swenson DW, Ding B, Steele FM, Savage PB. Evaluation of the abilities of cationic steroid antibiotics to inhibit microbial growth in food. Food Microbiology Symposium. 2002.
  • Zamora AD, Frewing S, Hancock EJ, Steele FM. Lethality determinations of surface pasteurization in a heat shrink steam tunnel. IFT Annual Meeting. 2002.
  • Taylor GQ, Hawkins E, Harris M, Eggett DL, Steele FM. The effect of carcass wash time on pathogen reduction in ground beef. Reciprocal Meat Meetings. 2002.
  • Steele FM, Uchida N. Antimicrobial activities of Bacillus natto. Food Microbiology Symposium. 2001.
  • Steele FM. Isolation of microorganisms in naturally fermented Omani laban. Department of Food Science and Nutrition. 2000.
  • Steele FM, McMullin DQ, Baird JL. The examination of surface contamination on beef carcasses during slaughter and aging in a small-scale packaging operation equipped with an organic acid carcass washer. Food Microbiology Symposium. 2000.
  • Steele FM, Wright KH. Cooling rate effect on outgrowth of Clostridium perfringens in cooked ready-to-eat turkey breast roasts. International Association for Food Protection Annual Meeting. 2000.
  • Steele FM. Food science in developing countries. An-Najah National University. 1999.
  • Steele FM. Food quality assurance: rapid microbiology methods. Institut Agronomique et Veterinaire Hassan II. 1999.
  • Steele FM. Food fermentation microbiology. Institute of Nutrition Mahidol University. 1999.
  • Steele FM. Omani laban and rapid methodology. Sultan Qaboos University and Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. 1999.
Frost Steele